the concentration camps ( Jan Maria Gisges, Halina Gołczowa, Zofia Górska (Romanowiczowa), Tadeusz Hołuj, Kazimierz. 65 The Soviets quickly Sovietized the annexed lands, introducing compulsory collectivization. The Underground State's Department of Culture sponsored various initiatives and individuals, enabling them to continue their work and aiding in their publication. 225 Salmonowicz 1994,. . 269272 Madajczyk 1970,. . Compared to a federation, a confederation has a more dispersed system of judicial power. 58 Piotrowski 1997,. . 24 Even exotic animals were taken from the zoos. Cambridge University Press, isbn Madajczyk, Czesław (1970 Polityka III Rzeszy w okupowanej Polsce, Tom II (Politics of the Third Reich in Occupied Poland, Part Two) (in Polish Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe Murdoch, Brian (1990 Fighting Songs and Warring Words: Popular Lyrics of Two World Wars, Routledge. Paper presented at the Symposium on the occasion of the 60th Anniversary of the Warsaw Rising 1944. 47 The last Polish book titles not already proscribed were withdrawn in 1943; even Polish prayer books were confiscated. 7 In 1941, German policy evolved further, calling for the complete destruction of the Polish people, whom the Nazis regarded as "subhumans" ( Untermenschen ). One author describes authoritarian political systems as those where "individual rights and goals are subjugated to group goals, expectations,conformities 53 while libertarians generally oppose the state and hold the individual as sovereign. Schmidt, Barbara.; Bardes, Mack.; Shelley, Steffen. The origin of the State, or Political Society, is to be found in the development of the art of military warfare.